All measurements of intact leaf 02 sensitivity can be explained by the oxygenation model for glycolate formation and glycolate metabolism by established pathways. Predicting the rate of oxygenation from the underlying biochemistry is more reliable than calculating the rate of oxygenation from intact leaf gas exchange measurements. REFERENCES 1. Badger MR, TD Sharkey, S von Caemmerer: The relationship between steady-state gas exchange of bean leaves and the levels of carbon reduction cycle intermediates. Planta 160:305-313, 1984. 2. Bowes, G, WL Ogren, RH Hageman: Phosphoglycolate production catalyzed by ribulose diphosphate carboxylase. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 45:716-722, 1971. 3. Farquhar GD, S von Caemmerer, JA Berry: A biochemical model of photosynthetic C02 assimilation in leaves of C3 species. Planta 149: 78-90, 1980. 4. Farquhar GD, S von Caemmerer: Modelling of photosynthetic response to environmental conditions. In OL Lange, PS Nobel, CB Osmond, H Ziegler, eds, Encycl. of Plant Physiol., New Series, Springer- Verlag, Heidelberg 12b: 549-587, 1982. 5. Jordan DB, WL Ogren: The C02/02 specificity of ribulose 1- bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase. Dependence on ribulose bisphosphate concentration, pH and temperature. Planta 161: 308-313, 1984. 6. Ku SB, GE Edwards: Oxygen inhibition of photosynthesis. I. Temperature dependence and relation to 02/C02 solubility ratio. Plant Physiol 59: 986-990, 1977. 7. Laing WA, WL Ogren, RL Hageman: Regulation of soybean net photosynthetic C02 fixation by the interaction of C02' 02 and ribulose l,5-diphosphate carboxylase. Plant Physiol 54: 678-685, 1974.
This textbook for advanced level courses in oceanography focuses on the interaction of ecological and physical processes that govern the ocean. The book begins with an introduction to ecology, using foraging theory and analytic formulation of encounter rates of predator and prey as organizing principles. Examples used are primarily marine to convey how marine systems differ from terrestrial environments. These differences, which carry through the remainder of the book, arise primarily through the ways in which deposit feeders process seafloor muds, suspension feeders extract particles from seawater, bacteria absorb solutes, and marine plants gather nutrients and light. The next section of the book is devoted to central issues of biological oceanography: controls of primary production, the role of bacteria, and questions of recruitment. The last part treats interdisciplinary topics as the arena in which the non-biological environmental scientist is most likely to find need for some biological background. The book is designed to introduce and develop concepts rather than to give extensive factual detail.
Current day terrorism is increasingly motivated by body count, and more often than not is religiously or ethnically motivated. While politically motivated terrorism tends to limit the amount of violence in order to ensure that it does not impact supporters' sympathy for the cause, today's nihilistic terrorism is more simply focused on massive death and the destruction of property. Based on this, it seems very likely that future terrorists will use nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons rather than traditional explosives or firearms. As these attacks increasingly occur within the borders of the United States, the emergency responder will be the first line of defense.Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Terrorism: Emergency Response and Public Protection provides emergency responders with guidance on: ·The types of weapons of mass destruction that could be used in a terrorist attack·Mechanisms by which terrorists could disperse various types of nuclear, chemical, or biological agents·The types of conventional explosives that terrorists could use to disperse these agents·The routes by which one may be exposed to these weapons·The types of health hazards that may result from exposure to these weapons·How safety professionals can minimize exposure to these weapons·Potential medical treatment options for those exposed to these weapons·How to best increase one's chances of surviving a nuclear explosion ·Emergency preparedness measures for a variety of settings·How to prioritize injuries ·How to decontaminate personnel prior to medical treatment·Radiation exposure guidelines ·Training guidelinesIn addition to concise but comprehensive coverage of various types of weapons of mass destruction, the authors give you sound advice and simple actions that can reduce risks and avoid panic in the event of a terrorist attack. They present guidelines for minimizing further danger to human life after an attack.
Biotechnology, Nanotechnology and Medical Electronics Articles
Biotechnology, Nanotechnology and Medical Electronics Books
Biotechnology, Nanotechnology and Medical Electronics