Change and motion define and constantly reshape the world around us, on scales from the molecular to the global. In particular, the subtle interplay between chemical reactions and molecular transport gives rise to an astounding richness of natural phenomena, and often manifests itself in the emergence of intricate spatial or temporal patterns. The underlying theme of this book is that by “setting chemistry in motion” in a proper way, it is not only possible to discover a variety of new phenomena, in which chemical reactions are coupled with diffusion, but also to build micro-/nanoarchitectures and systems of practical importance. Although reaction and diffusion (RD) processes are essential for the functioning of biological systems, there have been only a few examples of their application in modern micro- and nanotechnology. Part of the problem has been that RD phenomena are hard to bring under experimental control, especially when the system’s dimensions are small. Ultimately this book will guide the reader through all the aspects of these systems – from understanding the basics to practical hints and then to applications and interpretation of results. <p> <p> Topics covered include: <ul> <li>An overview and outlook of both biological and man-made reaction-diffusion systems. <li>The fundamentals and mathematics of diffusion and chemical reactions. <li>Reaction-diffusion equations and the methods of solving them. <li>Spatial control of reaction-diffusion at small scales. <li>Micro- and nanofabrication by reaction-diffusion. <li>Chemical clocks and periodic precipitation structures. <li>Reaction-diffusion in soft materials and at solid interfaces. <li>Microstructuring of solids using RD. <li>Reaction-diffusion for chemical amplification and sensing. <li>RD in three dimensions and at the nanoscale, including nanosynthesis. </ul> <p> <p> This book is aimed at all those who are interested in chemical processes at small scales, especially physical chemists, chemical engineers, and material scientists. The book can also be used for one-semester, graduate elective courses in chemical engineering, materials science, or chemistry classes.
This book presents concise guidelines on different issues concerning nanotechnology in European legislation and offers an extensive review of all European Patent Office (EPO) cases on nanotechnological inventions. The challenge for new nanotechnology patents is to determine how patent criteria can be met in the patent application. The book shows how to identify suitable approaches to and the ways of overcoming this challenge. It extensively reviews trademark cases at the EU level and provides an in-depth perspective on competition law and state aid law (mergers, essential facilities licenses, public funding). It also presents an original corporate, tax and finance approach within the current EU legal framework. Not limited to an overview of applicable legislation, it offers practical tips on how to cope with the current legislation, e.g. how to deal with the risk defence under the product liability directive (implemented in 25 out of 28 EU member states); or how to deal with the chemical agents directive and adopt internal policies for nanoparticles. It also examines numerous examples of contract clauses and advertising texts that would be appropriate for marketing products involving nanotechnologies. Lastly, the book considers marketing aspects such as advertising, codes of conduct and import/export regulations.
This edition of the <i>Progress in Ceramic Technology</i> series is a select compilation of articles on nanotechnology applications and markets previously published in ACerS publications, including <i>The American Ceramic Society Bulletin</i>, <i>Journal of the American Ceramic Society</i>, <i>International Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology</i>, <i>Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings (CESP) and Ceramic Transactions (CT)</i>. The American Ceramic Society contributes to the progress of nanotechnology by providing forums for information exchange during its various meetings and by publishing articles in its various journals and proceedings.
Biotechnology, Nanotechnology and Medical Electronics Articles
Biotechnology, Nanotechnology and Medical Electronics Books